The Egyptian Texts of The Bronzebook: The First Six Books of The Kolbrin Bible is all that remains of a 3600-year old anthology penned by Egyptian academicians and scribes after the Hebrew Exodus. The result of a regional search for the one true G-d of Abraham, it offers alternate accounts of Exodus and Noah’s Flood.
Written in Egyptian Hieratic, first translated to Phoenician and then into English, it describes a planet the Egyptians called the “Destroyer.”
According to recently translated Sumerian texts, this object (also known as Nibiru or Planet X) is in a 3600-year orbit around our sun. The Egyptians say it caused Noah’s Flood and the Plagues of Exodus. Like the Druids, Sumerians and Mayans, they also warn us of its imminent return and of yet another Biblical tribulation.
The “Other” Exodus Story
While there are parallels to the Exodus story of the Torah (Old Testament), the Egyptian accounts tell us that:
- The Ten Plagues of Exodus were caused by the flyby of a planet through our solar system.
- Pharaoh and his army perished at the Red Sea after slaughtering over half the Jews.
- The Ten Plagues of Exodus were all parts of the same natural global disaster.
- Following the Red Sea debacle, Egypt paid dearly to repel an bloody invasion from the South.
Shaken to their national core, the Egyptians conducted the first regional anthropological and historical study of the Middle East. Their aim was to find clues that would lead them to the one true G-d of Abraham, and they published their initial findings in a 21-volume work titled The Great Book.
During the last millennium BCE, Phoenician papyrus traders translated The Great Book from Egyptian Hieratic into their own 22-letter alphabet and entrusted a copy to the Celtic priests in Britain. After the death of Jesus, Joseph of Arimathea (his great uncle on the side of Joseph) founded the Glastonbury Abbey. It became the repository for these texts as well as those authored by Celtic priests, and in 1184 CE, English King Henry II ordered an attack on the Abbey. The surviving priests secreted the remaining texts to Scotland where they were translated into English and eventually merged to create The Kolbrin Bible.
Related Title – The Celtic Texts of the Coelbook: The Last Five books of The Kolbrin Bible
A historical treasure trove of ancient Celtic and Druid folklore, philosophy and mysticism. Penned by Celtic priests in the first millennium CE, it includes a never-before published biographical sketch of Jesus Christ with several first-person quotes by Jesus, himself.
Related Title – The Kolbrin Bible: 21st Century Master Edition
The Kolbrin Bible dates back 3600 years and offers unique and enlightened insights from the past to both challenge and affirm our present day beliefs. This 11-book secular anthology is nearly as large as the King James Bible.
by Glenn Kimball
from UFODigest Website
There are many different “Bibles” that survive in our era of discovery.
the “Dead Sea Scrolls” from Israel
the “Nag Hammadi Library” from Egypt
the “Kebra Nagast” from Africa
the “Bee Bible” from China (still a part of the canon of Eastern Orthodox Christians)
the “Writings and Teachings of the Buddha Issa” (Jesus) from Tibet
the extensive Kolbrin Bible from Britain
Each contains a different view of the same events in history. Each vindicates the other as having come from the same source.
The Kolbrin is more significant than a mere religious history lesson. It is the first Judaic/Christian document that binds our scientific understanding of human evolution with creationism and intelligent design. The mathematical principles from the Kolbrin reflect the ancient interest of the Druids in the stars, mathematics and global catastrophe.
The Kolbrin speaks of the return of the “Destroyer” planet, a dark star that has caused a disaster in the past and is predicted to do so again.
The Kolbrin Bible is the collection of documents (Bronze Book) that was hidden at the time of the burning of the Glastonbury Abbey in England by Edward the First (Longshanks) in 1184 AD. It has been preserved by secretive groups for the last 850 years. Edward sought to destroy the Kolbrin believing it to be a heretical rival of the Holy Bible and a potential threat to his rightful claim as King of England.
By Edward’s time in history the 1,920 acres of Glastonbury had long been considered a sacred gift to the family of Jesus and often operated like a sovereign nation, not paying taxes to the crown and riddled with mystery and religious significance.
In 1992 a leader of the failing “Hope Trust”, that considered itself the protector of the Kolbrin, distributed a copy before its complete deregistration in 1995 intending to preserve it before it could be lost with the dissolution of the trust.
The Yow World Books copy of the Kolbrin comes from one of those 1992 original distributed copies that was sent to India for publication. There are two published versions, ours in America and the Culdean Trust version in New Zealand.
There are isolated copies in Lebanon, England, the Vatican and others around the world.
Why Great Britain?
Great Britain played a significant role in the saga of the Bible and part of the lives of many of its most significant personalities.
The Romans called the ancient druid fraternity centered in Britain by the name of “Magi”, the same fraternal order that had mentored the Pharaohs in Egypt, Emperors in ancient China, Royals of India and all the Caesars in Rome.
These “Wisemen” were teachers of nine courses of study, including astronomy, mathematics, oratory, medicine and religion. Much of that knowledge is contained in the Kolbrin. Their mummies have been found on the Silk Trade routes into China and have been depicted in paintings and written histories as counselors along side world rulers for thousands of years. They were the first international group to recognize Jesus as the antecedent for the messianic prophecies having anticipated his birth from their knowledge of the stars and the teachings of their ancestors.
They used Stonehenge and other facilities in Britain in their schools. By the time of Jesus, Jowett estimates that there were 60,000 students in the schools of Britain having taught notables like Pontius Pilate (Lucius from Spain) and his patron Lucius Sejanus, the praetorian prefect of Tiberius Caesar. Others included Britanicus, the son of Claudius Caesar and a significant group of the Roman elite.
Constantine himself was educated in Britain from the religious teachings in the British Schools and was most likely acquainted with the Kolbrin.
The very word “Brit” isn’t English, but rather Hebrew for “Covenant“. The British considered themselves the people of the covenant because their connection with the “Ten Lost Tribes” from the Assyrian conquest of Judea in the 8th century BC. The word “Saxon” means the sons of Jacob. The “Ten Lost Tribes” were never really lost at all. The Kolbrin can rightfully be called the lost Bible of the Ten Lost Tribes.
Jeremiah the prophet fled the conquest of the Babylonians in 600 BC and fled via Ethiopia to Britain where his tomb is in Ireland to this day. He took with him the daughter of King Zedekiah of the house of David and the illustrious ancestor of Jesus. That is why Jesus’ grandmother, St. Anna, was born in Brittany. That is why the survivors of the crucifixion eventually migrated to France and Glastonbury England after Jesus’ death.
They had family and allies in Western Europe. These people knew and understood the teachings of the Kolbrin long before our Bible was compiled in 325 AD by Constantine at the Nicene Council.
The Kolbrin also has a special third party account of the Exodus from Egypt at the time of Moses. Princess Scota, daughter of Ramases II, lived during the time of Moses and was rumored to have been one of the many princesses who cared for the infant Moses. She married a Hebrew noble who took her to Britain. Scotland is named after her.
The Exodus portion of the Kolbrin reads like a third party account, exactly as Scota would have told the story.
What Does The Kolbrin Contain?
The first part of the Kolbrin contains the creation story that both reads like a religious and a scientific text.
The last two books in the Kolbrin are about Jesus. They read like a text book biography, as would have been taught in an ancient British school. The Kolbrin contains the moral teachings which they considered fundamental in society.
The Kolbrin survives like the curriculum of and ancient British history book. It is the only Judaic/Christian document to tell the whole story of human creation, including the people who were here on the earth prior to the coming of Adam and Eve alluded to in the Holy Bible. The term “Fallen Angels” in Genesis didn’t refer to spirit beings but men who married the daughters of Adam and Eve and had children.
They came from an advanced scientific and religious society who survived by hiding in caves after an earlier cataclysm.
They called themselves “The Sons of God”. As “Fallen Angels” their wickedness had precipitated a cataclysm. The Kolbrin has one of the most elegant stories of the coming of Adam and Eve in existence. Suddenly the story of Atlantis and Lemuria and their tales of “Eden” and catastrophe because of wickedness, tie into the beginning creation story from the Holy Bible.
They prophesied that there would be another cataclysm followed by a thousand years of peace finalized by a judgment and the return of the “Sun God” in the same fashion the Hebrew Prophets predicted the Millennium and the coming of the Messiah and the final judgment of God.
Do Any Other Discoveries Vindicate The Kolbrin?
Several decades ago a sword from the sixth century, the time of King Arthur, was found in Pennsylvania.
This sword was featured in the book “Holy Kingdom” by Adrian Gilbert from England and his research team. Adrian suggested that it may very well be the sword Excalibur. From the frescos on the Stoke Dry Cathedral in England from the seventh century AD we see the story of King Arthur II having been killed by Native American Indians.
Written on the blade of this sword is the word “Colbrin” or “Kolbrin” in ancient Nagef, a language spoken in the Middle East at the time of King Arthur.
The Nagef language is the language of the artifacts found at our Illinois archeological site.
The passing of the 12th Planet in the past is mentioned in a book I became acquainted with on my arrival in New Zealand 3 years ago.
The book is called The Kolbrin and compiled of manuscripts saved before the burning of Glastonbury Monastery and safeguarded by a group called “The Culdians“. I hasten to mention that I am not a Culdian and was given the book by a friend who is a member. The present work was published in 1994 here in Thames by The Culdians and the translation appears in modern English.
It is a parallel bible, but interestingly has more detail on certain accounts such as The Flood and Exodus. It names The Destroyer as precipitating both events and there are many pages describing the terrible events to come. Although no dates are mentioned, there can be no doubt that it will be soon.
Chapter Four, titled The Deluge from The Book of Gleanings, Paragraph 24
Then, with the dawning, men saw an awesome sight. There, riding on a black rolling cloud came the
Destroyer, newly released from the confines of the sky vaults, and she raged about the heavens, for it was her day of judgment. The beast with her opened its mouth and belched forth fire and hot stones and a vile smoke. It covered the whole sky above and the meeting place of Earth and heaven could no longer be seen. In the evening the places of the stars were changed, they rolled across the sky to new stations, then the floodwaters came.
The floodgates of Heaven were opened and the foundations of Earth were broken apart. The surrounding waters poured over the land and broke upon the mountains. The storehouses of the winds burst their bolts asunder, so storms and whirlwinds were loosed, to hurl themselves upon the Earth. In the seething waters and howling gales all buildings were destroyed, trees were uprooted and mountains cast down. There was a time of great heat, then came a bitter cold. The waves over the waters did not rise and fall but seethed and swirled, there was an awful sound above.
Four more paragraphs to the end of the chapter, describe how the stars were loosened in the Heavens. A ship that had been built been borne up by the waters. The waters filling the valleys and going over the mountain tops in huge surging torrents. The Destroyer then passes, the flood remains for seven days and the ship finally comes to rest in the mountains of Ashtar. And here is described the last passage of the 12th Planet at the time of the Exodus.
Book of Manuscripts, The Destroyer Part 3 from the scroll of Adepha, Chapter 5, Para 1:
The Doomshape, called the Destroyer, in Egypt, was seen in all the lands thereabouts. In color it was bright and fiery, in appearance changing and unstable. It twisted about itself like a coil, like water bubbling into a pool from an underground supply, and all men agree it was a most fearsome sight. It was not a great comet or a loosened star, being more like a fiery body of flame.
This was the aspect of the Doomshape called the Destroyer, when it appeared in days long gone by, in
olden times. It is thus described in the old records, few of which remain. It is said that when it appears in the Heavens above, Earth splits open from the heat, like a nut roasted before the fire. Then flames shoot up through the surface and leap about like fiery fiends upon black blood. The moisture inside the land is all dried up, the pastures and cultivated places are consumed in flames and they and all trees become white ashes.
Chapter 6, Para 31:
There was a strange silence and then, in the gloom, it was seen that the waters had parted, leaving a passage between. The land had risen, but it was disturbed and trembled, the way was not straight or clear. The waters about were if spun within a bowl, the swamp land alone remained undisturbed. From the horn of the Destroyer came a high shrilling noise which stopped the ears of men.
Pharoah fought against the hindmost of the slaves and prevailed over them, and there was a great slaughter amid the sand, the swamp and the water.
The great surge of rocks and waters overwhelmed the chariots of the Egyptians who went before the footmen. The chariot of the Pharoah was hurled into the air as if by a mighty hand and was crushed in the midst of the rolling waters.
There is much description of massive upheaval in this chapter caused by The Destroyer leaving no doubt that the Slaves only managed to escape during a time of great chaos in the fermenting landscape.
Then, about the future: Chapter 3 The Destroyer Part 1, from the Great Scroll, Para 1:
Men forget the days of the Destroyer. Only the wise know where it went and that it will return in its appointed hour.
When ages pass, certain laws operate upon the stars in the Heavens. Their ways change, there is movement and restlessness, they are no longer constant and a great light appears reddish in the skies.
When blood drops upon the earth, the Destroyer will appear and mountains will open up and belch forth fire and ashes. Trees will be destroyed and all living things engulfed. Waters will be swallowed up by the land and seas will boil.
The timing for this event will be when:
“women will be as men and men as women”
“men will fly in the air as birds and swim in the sea as fishes”
“then shall the high strive with the low” etc, etc.
There follows a depiction of the effects of The Destroyer this time around which is poetic and terrifying, i.e. “when children will turn grey headed”.
by by Greg Jenner
from DarkStar1 Website
From Carl Sagan (Comet-1985)
“…Consider [this]: The Sun has a DARK SISTER. Long ago, before even great grandmother’s time, the two suns danced together in the sky. But the DARK ONE was jealous that her sister was so much brighter, and in her rage she cursed us for not loving her, and loosed comets upon the world. A terrible winter came, and darkness fell and bitter cold, and almost every living thing perished. After many seasons, the Bright Sister returned to her children, and it was warm and light once more, and life was renewed. But the DARK SISTER IS NOT DEAD. She is only in hiding. ONE DAY SHE WILL RETURN [and the Demon Sun’s entourage will attack again—GJ]…”
A remarkable passage from Sagan, I must admit. Construed as pure speculation by the scientific community of course, however, I believe Sagan was giving us a hint as to what he might have known from other, more obscure esoteric sources. One such source is the Kolbrin bible. Apparently this book has been closely guarded within private Masonic families for quite some time and only just last year Marshall Masters of Yowusa.com made this amazing manuscript available to the general public.
Originally called the ‘Coel-book,’ this particular version found its way to Glastonbury Abby in England circa 1180 AD and is basically is a collection of individual manuscripts—six originating from ancient Egypt. I contend Carl Sagan’s DARK SISTER is referenced in the Kolbrin. See below:
From Marshall Masters (The Kolbrin)
CRT:4:5 “Then came the day when all things became still and apprehensive, for God caused a sign to appear in the Heavens, so that men should know the Earth would be afflicted, and the SIGN WAS A STRANGE STAR”.
CRT:4:6 “THE STAR GREW and waxed to a great brightness and was awesome to behold. IT PUT FORTH HORNS AND SANG, BEING UNLIKE ANY OTHER EVER SEEN. So men, seeing it, said among themselves, ‘Surely, this is God appearing in the Heavens above us’. THE STAR WAS NOT GOD, THOUGH IT WAS DIRECTED BY HIS DESIGN, but the people had not the wisdom to understand’.
CRT:4:7 “Then God manifested Himself in the Heavens, His voice was as the roll of thunders and HE WAS CLOTHED WITH SMOKE AND FIRE. He carried lightnings in His hand and His breath, falling upon the Earth, brought forth brimstone and embers.
“His eye was a black void and His mouth an abyss containing the winds of Destruction. He encircled the whole of the Heavens, BEARING UPON HIS BACK A BLACK ROBE adorned with stars”.
I will chime in at this point to provide what I believe is an excellent example of a hidden brown dwarf donning a black robe. The illustration shown below is a model of the Epsilon Aurigae binary system. William R. Corliss provides the following:
Model of Epsilon Aurigae (X1)
From William R. Corliss (Stars, Galaxies, Cosmos – A Catalogue of Astronomical Anomalies ©1987)
“Epsilon Aurigae is one of the brightest variable stars in the heavens…[It’s] dark companion seems to have a mass almost as great as the primary [Sun] or 12 to 14 Suns. Why something so massive does not shine has been at the center of the mystery.”
“Recently, the IRAS satellite and terrestrial observers have actually detected the postulated dark object in the infrared. To account for the eclipse data, the object must be 9 AU long… The dark object’s great mass means that SOMETHING VERY MASSIVE must be located somewhere in the ‘cloud’ [Black Cloak—GJ] holding it together gravitationally. Whatever it is, it does not generate much energy—actually only 1% of what a star of 16 solar masses should generate. Now, the core of Epsilon Aurigea’s mystery is what could be inside the dark eclipsing object.”
Is a brown dwarf lurking about in the center of this black cloud? I say yes! And according to the Kolbrin text I argue our Sun has a very similar companion. When perihelion is reached its black cloak is shed to reveal the true identity of our second sun.
From Marshall Masters (The Kolbrin) Continues…
CRT:4:8 “Such was the likeness and manifestation of God in those days. Awesome was His countenance, terrible His voice of wrath, the sun and moon hid themselves in fear and there was a heavy darkness over the face of the Earth”.
CRT:4:9 “God passed through the spaces of the Heavens above with a mighty roar and a loud trumpeting. Then came the grim dead silence and BLACK RED LIT TWILIGHT of doom. Great fires and smoke rose up from the ground and men gasped for air. The land was rent asunder and swept clean by a mighty deluge of waters. A hole opened up in the middle of the land, the waters entered and it sank beneath the seas”.
CRT:4:10 “The mountains of the East and West were split apart and stood up in the midst of the waters which raged about. THE NORTHLAND TILTED AND TURNED OVER ON ITS SIDE”.
[This passage describes “rapid mountain building.” —GJ]
CRT:4:11 “Then again the tumult and clamour ceased and all was silent. In the quiet stillness madness broke out among men, frenzy and shouting filled the air. They fell upon one another in senseless wanton bloodshed; neither did they spare woman or child, for they knew not what they did. They ran unseeing, dashing themselves to destruction. They fled to caves and were buried and, taking refuge in trees, they were hung. There was rape, murder and violence of every kind”.
CRT:4:12 “The deluge of waters swept back and the land was purged clean. Rain beat down unceasingly and there were great winds. The surging waters overwhelmed the land and man, his flocks and his gardens and all his works ceased to exist.
CRT:4:13 “Some of the people were saved upon the mountainsides and upon the flotsam, but they were scattered far apart over the face of the Earth. They fought for survival in the lands of uncouth people. Amid coldness they survived in caves and sheltered places.”
CRT:4:14 “The Land of the LITTLE PEOPLE and the Land of GIANTS… the Lands of the East and West were all inundated. The Mountain Land and the Lands of the South, where there is gold and great beasts, were not covered by the waters”.
CRT:4:15 “Men were distracted and in despair. They rejected the Unseen God behind all things for something which they had seen and known by its manifestation. They were less than children in those days and could not know that God had afflicted the Earth in understanding and not wilfully, for the sake of man and the correction of his ways.”
Another example of our Sun’s Dark Sister comes from this 1608 European Woodcut (shown to the right). Notice the Sun’s Dark Sister. This amazing rendering from Vincenzo Cartari Le imagini de gli dei Padua portrays two suns! Sagan no doubt also knew that the word ‘disaster ’ is derived from the Latin ‘dis’ and ‘astrum’ which means ‘EVIL STAR.’
According to researcher Michael Hoffman an evil or ‘Satan’ Sun is mentioned in Albert Pike’s Morals and Dogma, also known as the ‘Eye of Set’ or the ‘Blazing Star.’ See below:
From Michael A. Hoffman II (Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare ©1989)
“In… Albert Pike’s eighth degree of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, the focus of worship is on the “blazing star” as symbolized by the pentagram, and Pike identifies [what I argue is Red] Sirius as the “grand builder” or “Great Architect” of Freemasonry.”
“The symbol (or, alchemically, sigil ) of the armed enforcers of the Code of Hammurabi, which was the law of the empire of Babylon, the successor to Sumer, was the five-pointed star, or pentagram… This star also happens to be the symbol of the armed enforcers of modern America’s laws…”
“[Red] Sirius is emblematic of hidden power and secret allegiance to an invisible empire. [The Anunnaki?—GJ]
“The Order of the…STAR is thus the order of the EYE OF SET, THE SUN BEHIND THE SUN… the STAR is [Red] Sirius… [Red] Sirius is the power behind the sun… Our work is… the rediscovery of the Sumerian tradition… the crux of… magical significance for the present magical revival… the key supplied by the Sumerian tradition which involved the worship of Shaitan, the astronomical vehicle of which was [Red] Sirius.”
To me, there’s no question Sagan and Hoffman refer to Earth’s Nemesis—Our Dark Sister. (For a more in depth account of Red Sirius, see Andy Lloyd’s, ‘Nibiru and the Red Sirius Anomaly’).
On the other hand, Albert Pike associates Red Sirius (the Blazing Star) as having liberty and freedom.
From Albert Pike (Morals and Dogma ©1871)
“…the Star which guided [the Magi] is that same Blazing Star, the image whereof we find in all initiations. To the Alchemists it is the sign of the Quintessence; to the Magists, the Grand Arcanum; to the Kabalists, the Sacred Pentagram…”
Page 842. [Could the Pentagon in Washington D.C. actually be symbolized after the Blazing Star? I can only speculate—GJ]
“Originally it [the Blazing Star] represented [Red] Sirius, or the Dog-Star, the forerunner of the inundation of the Nile; the God ANUBIS… then it became the IMAGE OF HORUS… [the winged Sun Disc. See image above—GJ]…it became the sacred and potent sign or character of the Magi, the Pentalpha, and is the significant emblem of Liberty and Freedom, blazing with a steady radiance amid the weltering elements of good and evil of Revolutions…”
An interesting quote from Pike stating the Blazing Star undergoes good and evil revolutions. Does he mean celestial revolutions? I wonder. Never-the-less the Blazing Star’s duality portraying good and evil shines through loud and clear here.
September 17, 2008
from CodexCeltica Website
In my last post, “This Old Book,” I said that when I’d had a chance to look it over, I’d review the Celtic Texts Of The Coelbook volume I’d just received from Amazon.
This has turned out to be such a Pandora’s Box of historical issues I’m not surprised that some refuse outright to even consider it, saying it’s “obviously” a forgery, since it does not conform to the standard Roman-based interpretation of British history. I therefore asked a colleague to help me out on this one, and he ordered his own copy.
When we first got together, the conversation went something like this:
“Do you think it’s all a forgery?”
“I’m not sure. There’s so much there that makes me uneasy.”
“Yes, either it’s a hoax, a forgery, a corrupt text – or our early history needs a re-think.”
The first problem is the external evidence – it’s the same problem as with a painting that someone says has been in their family attic for centuries.
There’s no record of the existence of this work, known generally as the Kolbrin, before the 1990s, when the ‘Culdian Celestial Age Trust’ produced an annotated version for purposes of private study. The CCAT were a group dedicated to carrying on the work of the Culdee Church as the original church of Britain.
The Culdees are well-enough attested, though the meaning of the name is disputed (suggestions including Celi-De, Hidden-of-God). Here they say it is from “Kailedy”, “wise strangers”.
This derivation eludes me, but the text gives it as the nickname given by the locals to the group who arrived in SW Britain with Mary and other disciples led by Joseph of Abramatha [sic] and founded the first church.
Supposedly the originals were written down by Celtic priests and scholars, who drew upon longstanding oral tradition.
They had been inspired to do so after they obtained via Phoenician tin-traders a copy of the older Egyptian manuscripts which now make up Volume One of the 2-volume paperback edition. These were all stored at Glastonbury, as the centre of the early British Church, until the disastrous fire of 1184. (More on this next time.)
A pile of singed and tattered manuscripts were smuggled out and engraved onto more durable wooden and copper plates. Later, these were copied back onto paper by hand and translated into more modern speech by Culdian volunteers. The CCAT said they themselves got the texts from an Edinburgh-based 18th-Century religious organization called The Hope Trust, who had inherited it from a long line of ‘caretakers.’
These were not educated folk (they seem to have been ‘tinkers’ i.e. itinerant tinworkers), but believed in its importance and kept it hidden (presumably from church bonfires), passing it down family lines. In the 20th C, when typewriters became available, the handwritten manuscript version was typed out.
So what we have is a compilation of copies of various translations and transcripts.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for 871 AD
With their own organization dying out and the world apparently heading for global meltdown of one sort or another, the Culdian Trust decided in 1992 to get it published.
First there was an expensive gold-inlay version, and now this more accessible 2-volume US paperback edition. However the CCAT have repudiated the current US publisher’s marketing the work as The Kolbrin “Bible.” (The first chapters contain alternative accounts of some events covered by the “official” Bible, and its US publicist argues the first half is the Bible of the Lost Tribes of Israel.)
The modern Introduction in fact describes it as an “an ancient secular academic work,” and has a table showing what the editors think the language was in each “book” (manuscript).
It says that Volume One, The Egyptian Texts Of The Bronzebook, was written by “Egyptian academicians” in a religious crisis that followed the Exodus of c1500 BC. It is given as written originally in Egyptian Hieratic script and then translated (in Lebanon) into Phoenician. The Phoenicians being the merchants behind the long-distance tin-trade route, and a copy came to Britain with some individuals fleeing Roman rule.
Volume Two, The Celtic Texts Of The Coelbook, is given as written in “Old Celtic”, translated into ‘Old’ English, then post-WWII into “Continental” (presumably modern) English. By “Old Celtic”, they must mean Common Celtic, i.e. before it split into its surviving dialects like Welsh, Gaelic, and Breton. The preface gives the dates of the original Celtic manuscripts as between 20 and 500 CE [AD].
This leads us to the question whether the external and internal evidence match.
The first chapter, The Book of Origins, has a ‘preamble’ (originally a colophon, a note put at the very end) giving a set of date synchronicities as to when it was transcribed. Using synchronicities was an old way of establishing dates before the continuous, cumulative year-count “AD” system became standard. (Scholars use CE i.e. Christian Era, to avoid the religious overtone of AD = Anno Domini, “Year Of The Lord.”)
A churchman might say, “Written in the Year Of Our Lord, XXX”, but these early AD dates in fact were compiled in annals such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle from old short-form calendars like church Easter Tables (used to compute the all-important date of Easter for a generation). Sometimes this was done wrongly, and dates could be around 30 years out.
(Leslie Alcock, the archeo-historian who dug up Cadbury hillfort to see if it might be “Camelot,” discusses this problem in his 1971 Arthur’s Britain.)
A lay person writing a secular work in the old days might say something like “Written in the 28th year of good King Henry the Third” (the short form would be 28 Hen. III). But they might add other backup frames of reference, such as “in the 3rd year of the great plague” or “the 22nd year since the Saxons came.”
The text is preceded by a dozen such datum points.
We start with:
“One hundred and sixty years after the death of Ardpeth, the last king. Twenty years after the death of Garadon Pankris. Eighty years after the death of Kelwin. One hundred years after the death of Afterid.”
Well, though Ardpeth was supposedly king of somewhere, and the name Kelwin[e] (Kelvin?) does at least sound familiar, none of these names are found in the standard sources like the Welsh Annals or the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and the lack of any cross-referencing detail here makes this lot a dead end. Perhaps these were all local figures otherwise unrecorded. So we simply draw a blank on that one.
Other references to kings however do prove traceable.
One says the book was completed in,
“the 7th year in the reign of Ecgfrid, son of Oswey, king of North Saxondom”.
Ecgfrith son of Oswy ruled Northumbria from 670 until he was killed by Picts in 685. This would put completion well after the US editor’s surmised end-date of 500 CE, specifically in 677 CE.
Map of Early Britain
Linguistically, this means the Celtic text could have been in a surviving dialect of Brythonic like Welsh.
Due to the English expansion splitting Britain into Celtic pockets like Wales and Cornwall, the national language began to break down into a basic form, losing its ‘classical’ declension case endings around 550, according to scholars like KH Jackson. Manuscripts created before this watershed soon became nigh-incomprehensible to later copyists, as Jackson showed in his 1969 study of the epic 6th-C. poem “Gododdin” (commemorating a raid c590 AD from Edinburgh into Northumbria).
But the breakdown of Brythonic into regional dialects like Welsh, meant that post-watershed works could survive in a living dialect that was evolving a written form. This is more positive evidence than the US editor’s earlier date, as it would’ve made the text more understandable to later generations of copyists.
From our first “fix” at 677 CE, we can backtrack from other given regnal dates to see if they converge on a consistent date for the book – and make sense historically.
The death of ‘Okther’ 165 years ago could refer to Octha, founder of Saxon Kent. This would give us 677 minus 165 = 512; Octha’s death date is unknown, usually put at 522 or later. But he is not mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and in British sources like Nennius seems to be earlier, taking over from his father (or grandfather) the legendary Saxon leader Hengist after 488.
However, we also have 677 as year 2 of Ketwin’s kingship of West Saxondom and year 14 of Ardwulf’s reign over the East Saxons. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle has a ‘Centwine’ ruling Wessex 677-, yielding 678. Ardwulf is not the name of any recorded Anglo-Saxon king, but there was an Aldwulf ruling East Anglia from 663/4-, which would give us a writing date of 677/678.
The “fourth year in the reign of Lothir, king of all the Kents,” leads us to Kentish king Hlothhere (Latin Clotharius or Lotharius) who acceded 674/675, yielding a date of 678-9.
There is also the death of a “great king” 13 years before (=664), during ‘the devil’s breath’. The ASC for 664 refers to ‘a great plague’, which Bede also describes as a devastating plague. The ‘great king’ could be Eorcenberht, the King of Kent of whom Bede says “he most nobly governed,” and was first to order that all pagan idols be smashed, and was the father of Lothair just mentioned.
It is also “the fifth year we suffer under the afflicting fires of the Black Bull of the North”. Despite the lack of a proper name, this suggests Pictish raids.
In 672 [677 minus 5] AD, the fierce Pictish battle-king Brude son of Beli came to power. His cross-border attacks would lead to a disastrous Northumbrian expedition led into Pictland in 685 by the already-mentioned Ecgfrith son of Oswy, who perished along with most of his army in the resulting battle.
‘Kadwilan of the Firstfaith’ [i.e. a pagan] suggests the famed North-Wales warrior-king Cadwallon. He died in 634, but the reference is to his slaying a 46-year old Christian king 44 years ago [677 minus 44 = 633] in a bloody ‘slaughter’. In 633, Cadwallon famously (infamously, to Bede) slew the 47-year old Edwin, Christian king of Northumbria and his sons, in a major battle causing Northumbria to break up.
The “third year in the reign of Ethelbred” leads us to Ethelred [no b] ruler of Mercia from 674. Ethelred was not a notable king, but the reference is given with the month and approximate day – between the 7th and 10th of September, suggesting the writer lives in Mercia (in the midlands) and is using an official local date, though having to guess at the exact day.
While nearly all these references lead to verifiable names or events, and the dates nearly all converge back within a year or two of 677 CE, we still have the problem regarding more general events where the date is a matter of interpretation. There’s also a reference to its being 122 years since “the coming of the long-sword-wielding war-bands”.
This suggests that the arrival of the Saxons (named after their swords, the “saex” then not a standard weapon) was later than the usual date, at 677 minus 222 = 455. The Anglo-Saxon Advent is usually put at 448/449 at the latest.
However 455 is often given as the decisive date of their rebellion under Hengist and Horsa, when they overwhelmed their Romano-British employers led by Vortigern, cf the ASC, sub AD 455:
‘This year Hengest and Horsa fought with Wurtgern the king on the spot that is called Aylesford. His brother Horsa being there slain, Hengest afterwards took to the kingdom with his son Esc.’
We also get a more challenging claim:
“It is one hundred and thirty years [=547] since the last warband came and stayed with the land they took, when Britain ceased to be, during the reign of King Ifor.”
Ifor is unidentifiable without any details or a surname [patronymic or locative], but the date 547 is the one often cited as the end of an era for successful resistance to Saxon expansion.
That year, the most powerful British king, Maelgwyn Gwynedd, died and a great plague struck Britain, devastating the population. After years without any advance westward, the Saxons had by 552 crossed the watershed of central England and occupied Sarum [Old Salisbury], so that “Britain ceased to be” – at least as a single kingdom.
Well, so far, so good.
Next time, we’ll look at the Coelbook’s original account of the arrival of the disciples led by ‘Joseph of Abramatha’ – what you might call the thorny matter of Glastonbury.
from EzineArticles Website
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